Prelims focus 🟡 🔷Right to education act RTE act, 2009

 🟡Prelims focus 🟡

🔷Right to education act RTE act, 2009

◼️Part IV of Indian Constitution, Article 45 and Article 39 (f) of DPSP, had a provision for state funded as well as equitable and accessible education.

◼️Education is a Fundamental right flowing from Article 21.

◼️The 86th Constitutional Amendment in 2002, provided Right to Education as a fundamental right in Part-III of the Constitution.

▫️It inserted Article 21A which made Right to Education a fundamental right for children between 6-14 years.

▫️It provided for a follow-up legislation Right to Education Act 2009.

◼️Feature of RTE act

▫️The RTE Act aims to provide primary education to all children aged 6 to 14 years.

▫️Section 12(1)(c) mandates that non-minority private unaided schools should reserve at least 25% of seats in entry-level grades for children from economically weaker and disadvantaged backgrounds.

▫️It also makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.

▫️It also states about sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.

Education in the Indian constitution is a concurrent issue and both centre and states can legislate on the issue.

▫️It lays down the norms and standards related to: Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), Buildings and infrastructure, School-working days, Teacher-working hours.

▫️It also provides for prohibition of deployment of teachers for non-educational work, other than decennial census, elections to local authority, state legislatures and parliament, and disaster relief.

▫️It provides for the appointment of teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.

◼️It prohibits

▫️Physical punishment and mental harassment.

▫️Screening procedures for admission of children.

▫️Capitation fee.

▫️Private tuition by teachers.

▫️Running of schools without recognition.

◼️Argument for Extension of Free Education under RTE beyond Class 8 for EWS:

▫️The parents of children are required to pay hefty fees to unaided private schools in classes 9 and onwards which they can not afford.

▫️Changing school from unaided private to government after class 8 may affect the children’s state of mind and education and thus, an extension of the RTE benefits will ensure continuity in the education.

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